Kim Jwajin

Kim Jwajin

Kim Jwajin Image
  • Pen Name:Baekya
  • Period : Japanese Colonial Era (1889 ~ 1930)
  • Field:Independence Movement

General Kim was born in 1889 as the second son of Hyunggyu who was the 12th grandson of Seonwon, Kim Sangyong.

The general was broad-minded and smart since he was a child. He even established Homyeong School at the age of 18, training talents and teaching modern science. After Gwangbokdang incident, he was imprisoned for 3 years. Then he moved to Manchuria where he signed on Muo declaration of independence (a prelude to 1919 Independence Movement) with 39 other Korean representatives.

He organized a Bukrogunjeongseo and became a general in 1919. He set up an officer training camp (Sagwanyeonseongso) to train army fighting for independence. Agaist Japanese army of 25,000 soldiers going into battle to suppress independence armies in Manchuria, he led a great victory in Cheongsanri notable in the history of independent movement by killing or wounding about 3,300 Japanese soldiers in tens of combats for 7-days including killing 1,200 enemies by luring Japanese into Cheongsanli, Hwaryongmyeon.

He became a commander-in-chief along with Kimg Hyuk, Choi Ho, Na Jungso, etc. together organizing ‘Shinminbu’. Then he became the head after organizing ‘Korea Association’ with Kim Jongjin, Yi Eulgyu, etc. in 1929, putting his effort in educating Koreans and stabilizing the livelihoods of the public. While he prepared a war against Japanese Colonial Government uniting with Anti-Japanese group in China, he was assisinated by Park Sangsil who was incited by Japanese Colonial Government in front of rice mill in Sansijin Shinheungchon in Heukryonggangseong Haerim City, China.

Hongseonggun Office started a project of restoring General Kim’s birthplace since 1991. As a result, it restored his birthplace, a gate section, and a detached house, and also built an administration office and an exhibition building. Besides, General Kim’ shrine was constructed on 9,500m2 land from 1998 to 2001 including in/out three gates, a memorial building, parking lot, etc. In October of every year, a festival is held to commemorate General Kim’s victory in Cheongsanli combat.

Main Historic Site

Birthplace of General Kim Jwajin Image
  • Name:Birthplace of General Kim Jwajin
  • Information of Cultural Properties:Designated Memorial No. 79 by Government of Chungcheongnamdo
  • Location:330-1 Galsanmyeon Haengsanli, Hongseonggun, Chungcheongnamdo

General Kim’s birthplace was where he was born and raised. Restoring this place started in 1991 and the construction was completed including a birthplace, a gate section house, a detached house, an administration office and an exhibition building.

Memorial stone to pay a tribute to the memory of General Kim Jwajin Image
  • Name:Memorial stone to pay a tribute to the memory of General Kim Jwajin
  • Information of Cultural Properties:Cultural Property Mateirla No. 167
  • Location:Galsanmyeon Haengsanli, Hongseonggun, Chungcheongnamdo

This memorial stone describes about General Kim’s achievement who devoted his life to independence movement. It was constructed with the donation from Korea Young Mens’ Association Hongseong Corps in 1949. It was located at Namsan Park in Ogwanli, Hongseongeup, but was later moved to Paekya Park, which had been built behind Kim’s birthplace.

Statue of General Kim Jwajin Image
  • Name:Statue of General Kim Jwajin
  • Location :Goamli Hongseongeup Hongseonggun, Chungcheongnamdo

This statue articulates his manly mien as a general of independence army when he wiped out Japanese army in Cheongsanli battle when he was 31 years old. On the pedestal engraved with doves, a symbol of piece, a poem was written showing his pain that was severe enough to compare it with gut-wrenching pain that is compared with his achievement as a general.

Baekyasa Image
  • Name:Baekyasa
  • Location:330-1 Galsanmyeon Haengsanli, Hongseonggun, Chungcheongnamdo

Baekyasa is a shrine of General Kim Jwajin. It was a part of project restoring General Kim’s birthplace and surrounding area in 1991. A shrine number 1, a memorial service building, inside three gates, outside three gates and parking lot were newly constructed. The building was named as ‘Waryongjae’ emphasizing that Kim practiced martial arts in Waryong creek. Commemorating his victory of Cheongsanli battle inWharyonghyun, China, inside-three gates was named as Cheongsan Gate and outside-three gates was named as Wharyong Gate. A memorial service had been held on December 25th of lunar calendar every year. However since 2004, the service has been held on October 25th, when Baekya festival is held celebrating General Kim’s victory.

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